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  • Getting Started
    Testing in the Sandbox
    Generate an OAuth Access Token
    Send Money to Users
    OverviewStep 1: Create a customerStep 2: Add a funding sourceStep 3: Retrieve funding sourcesStep 4: Create a transfer
    Receive Money from Users
    Transfer Money Between Users
    Transfer Money Me-to-Me
    Building With Drop-in Components
  • Customers
    Create a Business Verified Customer
    Create a Personal Verified Customer
  • Funding Sources
    Add a Debit Card Using Dwolla-cards.js
    Add a Bank Using Dwolla.js
    Add a Bank Using Dwolla.js + IAV
    Verify Bank with Micro-deposits
    Add Bank via Dwolla + Plaid Integration
  • Webhooks
    Create a Webhook Subscription
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JavaScript
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Step 4: Initiating a transfer #

Now that our user is onboarded and their funding source has been created, we’re ready to create a transfer to their bank account. In order to create the transfer, we’ll need Funding Source links that represent both the source and destination bank accounts. Your customer’s funding source URL should be stored from the previous step and retrieved on demand when creating the transfer.

Identify Source and Destination Parties #

Since you are utilizing a send funds flow, you will need to ensure that you know exactly who will be receiving these funds.

  • Source - Your Dwolla Master Account Bank Funding Source
  • Destination - Your Customer’s Bank Funding Source

Step 4A: Initiate a Transfer #

To initiate a transfer, we will need to specify the funding source URLs in the _links parameter.

ParameterRequired?TypeDescription_linksyesobjectA _links JSON object describing the desired source and destination of a transfer.amountyesobjectAn amount JSON object.

Request and response (view schema in 'raw')

JavaScript
var transferRequest = {
  _links: {
    source: {
      href:
        "https://api-sandbox.dwolla.com/funding-sources/b5e68264-7d4d-42a9-88d4-5616c77c6baa",
    },
    destination: {
      href:
        "https://api-sandbox.dwolla.com/funding-sources/3152c22b-3d72-442d-a83b-e575df3a043e",
    },
  },
  amount: {
    currency: "USD",
    value: "225.00",
  },
};

appToken.post("transfers", transferRequest).then(function (res) {
  res.headers.get("location"); // => 'https://api-sandbox.dwolla.com/transfers/d76265cd-0951-e511-80da-0aa34a9b2388'
});

When the transfer is created, you will receive a 201 HTTP response with an empty response body. You can refer to the Location header to retrieve a link to the created Transfer resource. All transactions that are sourced from a bank or that are going to a bank will have an initial status of pending. We recommend storing the full Transfer URL for future use, as it will be needed for correlating transfer update webhooks that are triggered for the user in the Dwolla system.

Step 4B: Handle Webhooks #

A single API call to create a payment transfer can trigger several transfer-related webhook events. The number of webhooks and type of webhook events can vary depending on the Customer type(s) involved in the transfer, as well as the source and destination for the funds transfer. For more information on which webhooks will be fired, refer to our API Reference Docs.

Step 4C: Simulate ACH Processing #

To simulate ACH processing in the Dwolla Sandbox environment, navigate to the Sandbox Dashboard. From here, you will want to click the “Process Bank Transfers” button on the top of the screen. Your Sandbox transfer will be moved out of a pending status and moved to a processed status.

process bank transfers

Step 4D: Verify Status of Transfer #

Since ACH transactions can take a few days to complete, webhooks are an efficient way to notify you of when a transfer is completed and processed to a destination funding source. However, if you want to verify the status of a transfer at any given point in time, you can make a call to the API to retrieve the transfer by its unique id.

JavaScript
var transferUrl =
  "https://api.dwolla.com/transfers/d76265cd-0951-e511-80da-0aa34a9b2388";

appToken.get(transferUrl).then(function (res) {
  res.body.status; // => 'processed'
});

That’s it! You’ve successfully transferred money to a recipient. Please continue to the Webhooks guide for information on implementing notifications for your customers about the status of the transfer.

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Financial institutions play an important role in our network.

Dwolla, Inc. is the operator of a software platform that communicates user instructions for funds transfers to our financial institution partners.

Dwolla is an agent of Veridian Credit Union. All ACH and Wire transfers are performed by Veridian Credit Union. Your Dwolla Balance, if any, is held in one or more pooled holding accounts held by Veridian Credit Union. These funds may not be eligible for share insurance by the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund.

Sponsorship and Settlement of Push-to-Debit payment services provided by MetaBank®, N.A.
Push-to-Debit payments are typically available within 30 minutes.

Real-Time Payments are performed by Cross River Bank, which holds funds on behalf of the Receiver of such transactions in one or more pooled custodial accounts. These funds are not subject to FDIC pass-through deposit insurance.